The quest for wealth and power brought Europeans to Indian shores in 1498 when Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese voyager, arrived in Calicut (modern Kozhikode, Kerala) on the west coast.
Why did European countries want to reach India?
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Europeans wanted to find sea routes to the Far East. Columbus wanted to find a new route to India, China, Japan and the Spice Islands. If he could reach these lands, he would be able to bring back rich cargoes of silks and spices.
How was Hinduism affected by British colonialism?
The British Raj lasted from 1848 to 1947, however the effects of the colonization deeply impacted Hinduism. The British rule of India truly first impacted the Caste System when many British working for the British East India Trading Company started to assimilate into the native Indian society.
Who Ruled India most?
List of largest empires in India
|Empire||Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²)||Approximate date of maximum extent|
|Maurya Empire||3,400,000–5,000,000||261 BC or 250 BC|
|Republic of India (for comparison)||3,287,263||–|
Was India rich before British rule?
In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.
What made British to leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
Is India the oldest civilization?
Archaeologists confirm Indian civilization is 2000 years older than previously believed. … Since the early excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro, in what is today Pakistan, the Indus Civilization has been considered among the world’s most ancient civilizations — along with Egypt and Mesopotamia (in what is today Iraq).