On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance. Hume assumed office as the General Secretary, and Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee of Calcutta was elected president.
Why was Indian National Congress formed Class 10?
Indian National Congress was founded by retired British Indian Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume to provide a platform for the political issues to the educated Indians. The prominent newspaper of the Congress is Congress Sandesh or National Herald.
When and where was the first Congress session held Class 10?
Its first session was conducted in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume. It was conducted in Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, Bombay.
Which is the Gandhian era?
The period from 1919 to 1948 is known as the ‘Gandhian era in Indian History’. Mahatma Gandhi gave a new direction to the freedom movement with the principles of Truth, Non-violence and Satyagraha. … During this period Mahatma Gandhi had become the undisputed leader of the National Movement.
Which president of India never served as president of Indian National Congress?
From 1933 onwards, there was no such fixed term for the president. During Jawaharlal Nehru’s premiership, he rarely held the Presidency of INC, even though he was always head of the Legislative Party.
Why is Congress bicameral?
To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.
Why does Congress exist?
Through legislative debate and compromise, the U.S. Congress makes laws that influence our daily lives. It holds hearings to inform the legislative process, conducts investigations to oversee the executive branch, and serves as the voice of the people and the states in the federal government.
How did Congress get its name?
The term has since been adopted by many nations to refer to their legislatures. … The Continental Congress (1774–1781) was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that became the Congress of the Confederation (1781–1789), legislature of the United States under the Articles of Confederation.