Shimla is located in the lap of the Himalayas at a high altitude and hence experience cooler climate than Delhi which is located in the plain area.
Why is Shimla cooler than Delhi Class 9?
(c) (i) Shimla is cooler than Delhi in summer as it is located at a higher altitude than that of Delhi. Thus due to Normal Lapse Rate, Shimla enjoys a cooler climate than Delhi.
Why is higher altitude colder?
As altitude increases, the amount of gas molecules in the air decreases—the air becomes less dense than air nearer to sea level. … High-altitude locations are usually much colder than areas closer to sea level. This is due to the low air pressure.
Why are lower elevations hotter?
Air at higher altitude is under less pressure than air at lower altitude because there is less weight of air above it, so it expands (and cools), while air at lower altitude is under more pressure so it contracts (and heats up).
Why do you think Shimla has low temperature when compared to Delhi?
Shimla is quite cooler than Delhi in summer. The difference in the mean sea level is the main reason. We know that as we rise up 600 meters there would be a decrease of 6°C. … Therefore, Shimla is more cooler than Delhi.
Why is Ooty cooler than Delhi?
At present, the minimum temperature of Ooty is 6.8°C whereas Shimla’s minimum temperature is around 12.4°C. … Due to the absence of any moisture content in the southern plateau and the geographical hilly region of the station, Ooty gets such minimum temperatures.
Why Shimla is cooler than Ooty?
Shimla, on the other hand, lies on latitude 31°N and is more than twice as far from the equator as Ooty: 3460 km. This reduces the angle between the sun’s rays and the surface, making Shimla colder than Ooty.
What is the relationship between temperature and altitude?
Temperature varies with altitude, as follows: In the troposphere, temperature decreases as altitude increases. In the stratosphere, temperature generally increases as altitude increases due to the increasing absorption of ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer.
Which place is the coldest?
Where is the coldest place on Earth?
- 1) Eastern Antarctic Plateau, Antarctica (-94°C) …
- 2) Vostok Station Antarctica (-89.2°C) …
- 3) Amundsen-Scott Station, Antarctica (-82.8°C) …
- 4) Denali, Alaska, United States of America (-73°C) …
- 5) Klinck station, Greenland (-69.6°C) …
- 6) Oymyakon, Siberia, Russia (-67.7°C)
Is it true that temperature increases as altitude increases?
Temperature increases as you gain altitude in the stratosphere and the thermosphere. Temperature decreases as you gain altitude in the troposphere and mesosphere. Air temperature varies in complicated ways with altitude.
Why is it so hot in Death Valley?
The biggest factor behind Death Valley’s extreme heat is its elevation. Parts of it are below sea level, even though the area is 250 miles (400 kilometers) inland from any major body of water. Also, a major set of mountains (the Sierra Nevada) block moisture from the Pacific from reaching the basin.
Why do hot air rises up?
The faster molecules move, the hotter the air. … So air, like most other substances, expands when heated and contracts when cooled. Because there is more space between the molecules, the air is less dense than the surrounding matter and the hot air floats upward. This is the concept used in the hot air balloons.
How many meters higher than Delhi is Shimla?
Delhi is at an elevation of about 200 meters from above the sea level whereas Shimla is at an elevation of about 2200 meters from above the sea level. Therefore, Shimla is at a much higher elevation of around 2000 meters than Delhi.
Why is Shimla cooler than Delhi in winter?
Shimla is cooler than Delhi in summer because the temperature decreases with the height at a rate of 1oC for every 165m of ascend.
Why is Bangalore cooler than Delhi in summer?
Bangalore is at higher altitude when compared to Delhi.It is around 900m above sea level. And during summer the sun won’t be at equator rather it spans between equator and tropic of cancer.