Best answer: Who introduced the term modernization in India?

Modernization theory originated from the ideas of German sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920), which provided the basis for the modernization paradigm developed by Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons (1902–1979).

Who is the father of modernization in India?

3. Gopal Krishna Gokhale called Roy the ‘Father of Modern India’. Several historians consider him as one of the pioneers of the Indian Renaissance. He was a nonconformist to regressive traditions.

When was the term modernization first used?

In the early twentieth century, the term “modernization” first appeared in the academic literature. Since the 1950s, the research on modernization has witnessed several climaxes with continuous theoretical innovations (Fig. 3.10).

Who has defined the Indian concept of modernization?

The term modernisation has been severally defined by several eminent scholars and one of them is the Indian sociologist Prof. Y. Singh who writes, “Modernisation symbolizes a rational attitude towards issues and their evaluation from universalistic, not particularistic point of view.

Who proposed the modernization theory of 1967?

For Lerner modernization is ‘the social process of which development is the economic component’ (Lerner, 1967, p. 21); while Apter sees development, modernization and industrialization as terms of decreasing conceptual generality (Apter, 1967, pp.

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Who is called Father of Indian sociology?

G.S. Ghurye can be considered the founder of institutionalised sociology in India. He headed India’s very first post-graduate teaching department of Sociology at Bombay University for thirty-five years.

When did Modernisation start in India?

Many studies of modernisation have focused on the history of Japan in the late 19th century, and China and India in the late 20th century.

Is modernization good or bad?

The definition of modernization: (1) the process that increases the amount of specialization and differentiation of structure in societies, (2) the process of social change begun by industrialization. Modernization is good in that it increases rates of production but bad in that it harms the environment.

What is modernization simple words?

Modernization is the process of updating something or making it work in a contemporary setting. The modernization of an office might include new computers, high-speed internet, and a fancy espresso machine.

Why did modernization theory fail in Africa?

The ESAP project failed because it was developed with a total disregard of the cultural, social, political and traditional values of the recipient countries. Broadly expressed, the ESAP project was a ‘Eurocentric’ experiment which failed to pull the continent out of poverty and underdevelopment.

What is modernization in history?

modernization, in sociology, the transformation from a traditional, rural, agrarian society to a secular, urban, industrial society. … Historically, the rise of modern society has been inextricably linked with the emergence of industrial society.

What are the weaknesses of modernization theory?

Perhaps the most crippling weakness of the modernization theory is its oversimplified view of social change (Coetzee et al., 2007: 101). Human nature has a propensity to resist change in favour of the status quo. Change is resisted because it brings in elements of uncertainty.

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