Why did Europeans want access to the Indian Ocean? It was where the wealth of the world was predominantly located in the 1400s. By using the Indian Ocean, empires were able to trade without using middlemen, resulting in lower prices, boosting the economy.
Why did Europe explore the Indian Ocean?
For centuries, Arab traders had controlled existing trade routes to Africa and Asia, which meant European merchants were forced to buy from Italian traders at high prices. They wanted to trade directly with Africa and Asia, but this meant that they had to find a new sea route.
Why did European explorers want to find new routes to the Indian Ocean and eastern trade?
The lure of gold: finding new routes to trade Eastern goods
Despite the consequent religious polarization, the Crusades dramatically increased maritime trade between the East and West. … The lure of profit pushed explorers to seek new trade routes to the Spice Islands and to eliminate Muslim middlemen.
Why is the Indian Ocean important for trade between Europe and Asia?
Petroleum dominates commerce, as the Indian Ocean has come to be an important throughway for transport of crude oil to Europe, North America, and East Asia. Other major commodities include iron, coal, rubber, and tea.
What eats seaweed in the Indian Ocean?
Larger animals, including some marine snails, fish, reptiles, and mammals, graze on algae.
Who was the first sailor from Portugal to India?
Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.
What was a major cause of European exploration?
There are three main reasons for European Exploration. Them being for the sake of their economy, religion and glory. They wanted to improve their economy for instance by acquiring more spices, gold, and better and faster trading routes. Also, they really believed in the need to spread their religion, Christianity.
What diseases did the Indian Ocean trade?
Data collected by the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network for 1,415 ill travelers returning from Indian Ocean islands during 1997–2010 were analyzed. Malaria (from Comoros and Madagascar), acute nonparasitic diarrhea, and parasitoses were the most frequently diagnosed infectious diseases.