The French were late by six decades in India. As with other European colonists — British and the Dutch, the French too started their colonisation through commercial activities. … The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal.
Did the British take India from the French?
After some initial French successes, the British decisively defeated the French in Bengal in the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and in the southeast in 1761 in the Battle of Wandiwash, after which the British East India Company was the supreme military and political power in southern India as well as in Bengal.
Which areas of India were under French rule?
These five French colonies are Pondicherry, Karaikal in Tamil Nadu and Yanaon in Andhra Pradesh on the Coromandel Coast, Mahe in Kerala on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagore in West Bengal. While we all know about Pondicherry and many of us have even visited the town, the others are largely unknown.
When did French leave India?
|French Settlements in India Établissements français dans l’Inde|
|Legislature||Representative Assembly of French India|
|• First French East India Company Commissioner of Surat||1664|
|• De facto transfer||1 November 1954|
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
Who gave Pondicherry to French?
François Martin (1634–31 December 1706) was the first Governor General of Pondicherry. In 1673, Sher Khan Lodi, the governor of Valokondapuranam under the sultan of Bijapur granted Francois martin, director of the Masulipatnam, a site for a settlement. He founded Pondicherry, the future capital of French India in 1674.
Which was the first headquarters of French in India?
The French East India Company was formed in 1664 AD during the reign of King Louis XIV to trade with India. In 1668 AD the French established their first factory at Surat and in 1669 AD established another French factory at Masaulipatam.
Why did French leave Pondicherry?
The end of French rule
The independence of India in 1947 gave impetus to the union of France’s Indian possessions with former British India. An agreement between France and India in 1948 stipulated that the inhabitants of France’s Indian possessions would choose their political future.
Why did Dutch power decline in India?
The Dutch power decline in India following the Kew letters followed by the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Explanation: The first half of the eighteenth century saw an increase in Dutch business over India, however, the second half resulted in an opposite turn back and they lost their influence over the land.
Who ruled Puducherry for 138 years?
Answer: It was under the French rule for 138 years and merged with the Indian Union on 1st November 1954.