The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.
How did the British strengthen their position in India?
The East India Company increased its power in India by playing local rulers off against each other and the declining Mughal Empire. … In this way, Britain increased the power of local nobility and made it known to them that their power came from the Queen.
How the British consolidate their rule?
The British expansion and a consolidation of their power saw its beginning with the Battle of Plassey in 1717. The East India Company had thus obtained from the then Mughal emperor a “Farman”, which meant they would not have to pay any import or export tax in the Bengal region.
How did the British gain consolidate and maintain power in India answer?
Around 1670, King Charles II of England gave the British East India Company rights to run their territories in India as they saw fit. He gave them the power to mint money, command fortresses and troops, form alliances, make war and peace, and to enforce laws in the areas they controlled.
When did British consolidate power in India?
On August 2, 1858, Parliament passed the Government of India Act, transferring British power over India from the company to the crown.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
What made British to leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
What effects did British rule have on the Indian economy?
The Industrial Revolution in England created a serious impact on Indian economy as it reversed the character and composition of India’s foreign trade. This led to destruction of Indian handicrafts although there was no substantial growth of modern factory industry.
How did Britain gain control of India quizlet?
Britain saw India as a market and a source of raw materials. British built railroads and roads so they had improved transportation for their goods. New methods of communication such as the telegraph gave British better control of India. British trade soared after the Suez canal was open.
How did the Industrial Revolution in England change British interest in India?
The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain sparked a new desire for colonies to supply raw materials for British factories. India was known for its cotton and crops like indigo that are used to make cloth and was a major source of raw materials for British textile factories.
What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?
They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.
What good did British do to India?
So let’s take a look at 7 Good Things The British Did For India And Indians!
- English language. The reason they taught English to the Indians was to have an ease of administration. …
- Indian Railways. …
- Army. …
- Vaccination. …
- Social reforms. …
- India census. …
- Surveying India.