India’s population in 1947 was almost 345 million. What was the role of the Planning Commission? In 1950, the government set up a Planning Commission and its primary goal was to help design and execute suitable policies for economic development.
How were states to be formed in India after independence explain with examples Class 8?
How Were States to be Formed: (i) In 1920s, the Indian National Congress amended its constitution and reorganized its regional branches on the basis of linguistic (language) groups. (ii) Prime Minister Nehru and Deputy Prime Minister Vallabhbhai Patel were against the creation of linguistic states.
What was the level of development of India at the time it got independence Class 8?
At the time India got independence the label of its development was very low. A vast majority of Indians lived in the villages. Farmers and peasants depended on the monsoon for their survival.
What problems did India faced after independence Class 8?
Answer: The three problems that the newly independent nation of India faced are as follows:
- Rehabilitation of a large number of refugees.
- Assimilation of princely states.
- Ensuring the unity of a country which is full of diversity.
When did Indian history begin?
Indus Valley Civilisation
The Bronze Age in the Indian subcontinent began around 3300 BCE. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Indus valley region was one of three early cradles of civilization of the Old World.
What was the condition of India immediately after 1947?
The condition of India immediately after 1947 was unsettled. There was a lot of development that was needed in terms of the administration, economy, living conditions of the homeless, agriculture, and social justice. In addition to that, there was no unity among residents of the different states.
What is a new and divided nation?
Partition created a number of problems for independent India. First and foremost task was to rehabilitate the refugees who had come into the country from the newly born Pakistan. The new nation had to adopt a political system that would best serve the hopes and expectations of its population. …
What does federalism Class 8 mean?
1) Federalism: It refers to the existence of more than one level of government in the country. These are at the state and at the central levels. Citizens are governed by laws & policies made by each of these levels of government.
Who Ruled India after independence?
Two governors-general held office between independence and India’s transformation into a republic: Lord Mountbatten (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50).
Dominion of India.
|Union of India|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
|• 1948–1950||Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
|• 1947–1950||Jawaharlal Nehru|
How did India emerge as an independent country?
The country was born through the partition of India and Pakistan. … The British regime though granted independence to India but left the nation with turmoil, like it left the Princely states to decide whether they wanted to merge with India or with Pakistan or remain independent.
What were the two major challenges that India faced immediately after independence?
The nation has faced religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies. India has unresolved territorial disputes with China which in 1962 escalated into the Sino-Indian War, and with Pakistan which resulted in wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999.
What problem did Brazil and India face after independence?
There was widespread bloodshed on both sides. Resettlement of the displaced people was a big issue. There was a need to focus on agriculture which was completely exploited by the Britishers. Apart from this, India too faced the issue of maintaining unity among different states and among people of different faiths.
What were the three challenges faced by independent India?
There were problems of poverty, unemployment, rehabilitation of people, harmony among people and establishing democracy but freedom has given an opportunity to solve them.