What are forts built by British in India?

Why did the British build forts in India?

It was built to protect English trade activities and property from attacks by the local chieftain, Korangoth Nair, and certain factions of the ruling Kolathiri family. Thalassery, or Tellicherry as it was called back then, was an important trading centre for spices, timber and hill products.

Which are the forts built by British in Madras?

Fort Saint George, citadel built by the British East India Company in Madras (now Chennai), India, later becoming the British capital in south India. The fort, named in honour of Britain’s patron saint, is well preserved by the state of Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras).

Which are the forts built by British in Calcutta?

One of Kolkata’s most enduring Raj-era edifices, it extends over an area of 70.9 hectares. The fort was named after King William III.

Fort William, India.

Fort William
Controlled by Bengal Subah (before 1757) British East India Company (1757–1858) British Raj (1858–1947) Indian Army (1947–present)
Site history

What are English forts?

A hill fort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. The fortification usually follows the contours of a hill, consisting of one or more lines of earthworks, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

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How long was India ruled by British?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Which is the first British fort in India?

Madras was founded in 1639 by the British East India Company and was the first important English settlement in India. The fort was constructed on the seafront in the early 1640s as a trading post and base for European residents, and became the Company’s headquarters on the Coromandel Coast in 1641.