During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
What was the main reason for Britain leaving India?
Due to the Naval Mutiny, Britain decided to leave India in a hurry because they were afraid that if the mutiny spread to the army and police, there would be large scale killing of Britishers all over India. Hence Britain decided to transfer power at the earliest.
How did Britain lose India?
In 1947 Britain lost control of India, the colony that British prime minister Disraeli had once called the “jewel in the crown of England”. … Britain’s revenge for being driven from its colony was to partition it into two separate states, India and Pakistan. Partition took place along religious lines.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
What was India called before British rule?
“Hindustan”, as the term Hindu itself, entered the English language in the 17th century. In the 19th century, the term as used in English referred to the Subcontinent. “Hindustan” was in use simultaneously with “India” during the British Raj.
Was India the richest country in history?
The Indian subcontinent had the largest economy of any region in the world for most of the interval between the 1st century and 18th century. Though it is to be noted that, up until 1000 CE, its GDP per capita was higher than subsistence level.
Who Ruled India most?
List of largest empires in India
|Empire||Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²)||Approximate date of maximum extent|
|Maurya Empire||3,400,000–5,000,000||261 BC or 250 BC|
|Republic of India (for comparison)||3,287,263||–|
Who was the most handsome king of India?
CHENNAI: They say that Shah Jahan was the most handsome of all the Mughal emperors. Portraits of him show an aristocratic nose, a high forehead and eyes far less Mongol than that of his father. He was an accomplished rider and a swordsman.