1 : one of the hereditary social classes in Hinduism that restrict the occupation of their members and their association with the members of other castes. 2a : a division of society based on differences of wealth, inherited rank or privilege, profession, occupation, or race.
What is a caste Hindu?
The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation. … The main castes were further divided into about 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes, each based on their specific occupation.
What are the 5 castes in India?
Indian society was divided into five castes:
- Brahmins: the priestly caste. After their religious role decreased they became the caste of officialdom.
- Kshatriya: warrior caste. …
- Vaisya: the commoner caste. …
- Sudras: represented the great bulk of the Indian population. …
- Untouchables: descendants of slaves or prisoners.
What Does caste mean in Indian culture?
Caste comes from the Spanish and Portuguese word “casta” which means “race”, “breed”, or “lineage”. Many Indians use the term “jati”. There are 3,000 castes and 25,000 subcastes in India, each related to a specific occupation. These different castes fall under four basic varnas: Brahmins–priests & teachers.
Which is richest caste in India?
Top 10 Richest Caste in India
- Sikh. …
- Kayasth. …
- Brahmin. …
- Banias. …
- Punjabi Khatri. …
- Sindhi. …
- Rajput. The Rajput group is typical of India’s ancient warrior or Kshatriya category. …
- Christians. Christianity is the country’s wealthiest faith.
Which is the powerful caste in India?
Next to Brahmans are the Kshatriyas in varna ranking. They comprise very powerful castes as they are traditionally warriors and play a major role in defence.
Which is largest caste in India?
The formation of these groups is a result of the historical social structure of the country. As of 2019, Other Backward Class (OBC) constituted the largest part of the Indian population accounting for more than 40 percent.
Who are the top Brahmins?
The seven major Brahmin Gotras take the names of the saints whose lineages they represent: Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bhradwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa.
Can we change caste in India?
Changing a Caste
It can be changed in special circumstances, if your parents belong to different castes, you have a choice of one of their castes. Caste change can be achieved legally only when someone has been adopted. … In a judgement, the Apex Court of India ruled that the caste is decided as per the kin of birth.
What is caste example?
The definition of caste is a system of hierarchical social classes, or a specific social class of people. When you are of a high social status, this is an example of your caste. The Brahmins are an example of a caste in the Hindu culture. … Any exclusive and restrictive social or occupational class or group.