The term is derived from the name of British politician Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800–1859), who served on the Governor-General’s Council and was instrumental in making English the medium of instruction for higher education in India.
What is Macaulay education?
Why did Lord Macaulay started English education in India?
‘1 Thus, according to Macaulay, the sole purpose of the introduction of English education in India would not be merely an indoctrination of Indians through textbooks and curricula for subordinate positions in the establishments of the East India Company but to achieve a cultural transmission among the educated Indians.
What were the Macaulay’s views on Indian education?
In discussions leading up to the Act Thomas Babington Macaulay produced his famous Memorandum on (Indian) Education which was scathing on the inferiority (as he saw it) of native (particularly Hindu) culture and learning.
What was Lord Macaulay’s contribution to the system of education in India?
Macaulay served as the Secretary at War between 1839 and 1841, and as the Paymaster-General between 1846 and 1848. He played a major role in the introduction of English and western concepts to education in India, and published his argument on the subject in the “Macaulay’s Minute” in 1835.
Who made English as official language in India?
English-language public instruction began in India in the 1830s during the rule of the East India Company (India was then, and is today, one of the most linguistically diverse regions of the world). In 1835, English replaced Persian as the official language of the East India Company.
Who pressed for the universalisation of British education in India?
Jonathan Duncan, a British individual started Sanskrit College in Banaras in 1792. But, it was Charles Grant who pressed for the universalization of British’ education in India.