Reservation Policy in India is a process of reserving certain percentage of seats (maximum 50%) for a certain class such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward classes, etc. in Government educational institutions, government jobs, etc. The reservation policy is an age old policy being practiced in India.
What is reservation policy?
In simple terms, reservation in India is all about reserving access to seats in the government jobs, educational institutions, and even legislatures to certain sections of the population. … Reservation in India is a government policy, backed by the Indian Constitution (by means of various amendments).
Is reservation a policy or law?
Reservation is a form of quota-based affirmative action. Reservation is governed by constitutional laws, statutory laws, and local rules and regulations”.
Is reservation permanent in India?
Article 334 of the Constitution had originally required the reservation of elected seats to cease in 1960, but this was extended to 1970 by the 8th Amendment. … The 95th Amendment extended the period of reservation to 2020. The period of reservation was further extended to 2030 by the 104th Amendment.
How is reservation calculated?
4.1 Number of posts reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes in a cadre having more than 13 posts shall be determined by multiplying the cadre strength by the percentage of reservation prescribed for respective categories. While doing so, fractions, if any, shall be ignored.
What is the purpose of reservation?
Purpose of Reservation: The Purpose of reservation is enumerated as under: a) For effective planning and to increase the efficiency of the given manpower, Machine, Money and material. b) To forecast future room occupancy.
How much is reservation for each caste?
2.2 There shall be a reservation of 16.66 per cent for the members of the Scheduled Castes, 7.5 per cent for the members of the Scheduled Tribes and 25.84 per cent for the members of the Other Backward Classes in the matter of appointment by direct recruitment to civil posts and civil services on all India basis …
Why was the policy of reservation adopted?
Answer: the reservation policy in India was adopted with a reason to uplift certain castes subjugated to atrocities , social and economic backwardness due to the prevalent dominance of caste system in Hindu society.
What is the Article 333?
Under article 333 of the Constitution, the number of Anglo-Indians, who may be nominated to the State Legislative Assemblies, is left to the discretion of the Governor. … This amendment will not however affect representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the existing Legislative Assemblies until their dissolution.
Who is the father of reservation?
Shahu, the Maharaja of the princely state of Kolhapur, introduced reservation in favor of non-Brahmin and backward classes, much of which came into force in 1902. He provided free education to everyone and opened several hostels to make it easier for them to receive it.
What is Article 335 A?
Article 335 “The claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with the maintenane of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and posts in connection with • the affairs of the Union or of a State.”