The southwest monsoon is generally expected to begin around the beginning of June and fade away by the end of September. The moisture-laden winds on reaching the southernmost point of the Indian Peninsula, due to its topography, become divided into two parts: the Arabian Sea Branch and the Bay of Bengal Branch.
What is southwest monsoon?
The southwest monsoon derives its name from winds which blow from a south-westerly direction in the Indian subcontinent. We often read about “southwest winds” in various news reports or weather forecasts. But rarely do we think about the “source” of these winds.
What is the reason for South West monsoon?
IT has generally been held that the south-west monsoon owes its origin to the great difference of temperature which exists during the summer months between the heated land surface of India and the surrounding oceans, the general idea being that the warm air over the land rises, and damp air from the sea flows into …
What is the 2 types of monsoon?
The north-east monsoon, commonly known as winter monsoon blows from land to sea, whereas south-west monsoon, known as summer monsoon blows from sea to land after crossing the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during a year in the country.
What month is southwest monsoon?
The period June to September is referred to as the ‘Southwest Monsoon’ period. Southwest Monsoon period is the principal rainy season for the Indian subcontinent.
What are the types of monsoon?
The Types of Monsoons
- Monsoon Cycles. In India, Australia and other equatorial regions, monsoons move from cold, high pressure systems to warmer areas of less resistance with low atmospheric pressure. …
- Summer Monsoons. …
- Dry Monsoons. …
- Embryo Monsoons.
What is the other name for South West monsoon?
The Southwest Monsoon winds are called ‘Nairutya Maarut’ in India.
What causes monsoon?
The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.
What are the factors that affect Indian monsoon?
Factors influencing the onset of SW monsoons:
- Intense low-pressure formation over the Tibetan Plateau.
- The permanent high-pressure cell in the South of the Indian Ocean.
- Subtropical jet stream.
- African Easterly jet (Tropical easterly jet)
- Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
What are the branches of Indian monsoon?
The two branches of monsoon are Arabian Sea branch and Bay of Bengal branch.
What is winter monsoon in India?
The Indian winter monsoon (IWM) is a key component of the seasonally changing monsoon system that affects the densely populated regions of South Asia. Cold winds originating in high northern latitudes provide a link of continental-scale Northern Hemisphere climate to the tropics.
What is the period of South West monsoon in India?
The period June to September is referred to as the ‘Southwest Monsoon’ period. Southwest Monsoon period is the principal rainy season for the Indian subcontinent. This is the summer monsoon period where the southwest monsoon holds away over the country.