In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (which is today called Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km), south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.
Which city was the old capital of India?
During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.
Was Bombay the capital of India?
Upon India’s independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital. Mumbai is the financial, commercial, and the entertainment capital of India.
What were the capitals of India?
Which city is known as Golden city?
Jaisalmer– It is called the “Golden City” because the yellow golden sand gives a golden shadow to the city and its neighbouring areas. The town also stands on a fold of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, picturing the town “Yellow” or “Golden”.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.