What were the two main reasons that the British granted independence to India?

What are the two main reasons that the British granted independence to India?

World War II had depleted the resources of the British Empire, making it economically unstable. B: Gandhi convinced the British government to free India with his nonviolent peace talks. Explanation: WWII gravely sapped the quality of the United Kingdom.

Why did Britain grant India independence?

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. … Nonetheless, in an earlier bid to win Congress support, Britain had promised to give India full independence once the war was over. Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.

What was the impact of British rule in India?

They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858)

Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.

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Why is India named Bharat?

Bhārata was selected as an alternative name of India in 1950. The name Bhārata or Bhārata-varṣa (Bharata-varsha) is said to be derived from the name of either Dushyanta’s son Bharata or Rishabha’s son Bharata. Several Puranas state that it is derived from the name of Bharata, the son of Rishabha.

Why did British Empire fall?

The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.

Who Ruled India most?

List of largest empires in India

Empire Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²) Approximate date of maximum extent
British Raj 4,574,000 1911
Mughal Empire 4,000,000 1690
Maurya Empire 3,400,000–5,000,000 261 BC or 250 BC
Republic of India (for comparison) 3,287,263

Who is first king of India?

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya was the first king/ruler of Ancient India.