Dear student, The earliest major civilization in India was the Indus Valley Civilization (c. 3300 to 1300 BCE), spread over northwestern areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. It was called so since it flourished along the basins of the River Indus.
Which is the first civilization of India what is it called so?
Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent.
Why Indus Valley civilization is called urban civilization?
ADVERTISEMENTS: The elements of urban civilisation in the Harappan Culture are as follows: Harappan civilisation was a Bronze Age culture which has been known to the world for its urbanism. Very special for its planned cities, drainage system and use of kiln bricks for making massive structures.
Which is oldest civilization in world?
The Sumerian civilization is the oldest civilization known to mankind. The term Sumer is today used to designate southern Mesopotamia. In 3000 BC, a flourishing urban civilization existed. The Sumerian civilization was predominantly agricultural and had community life.
Who invented Indus Valley civilization?
Sir John Hubert Marshall led an excavation campaign in 1921-1922, during which he discovered the ruins of the city of Harappa. By 1931, the Mohenjo-daro site had been mostly excavated by Marshall and Sir Mortimer Wheeler. By 1999, over 1,056 cities and settlements of the Indus Civilization were located.
What is called urban civilization?
Childe identified 10 formal criteria that, according to his system, indicate the development of urban civilization: increased settlement size, concentration of wealth, large-scale public works, writing, representational art, knowledge of science and engineering, foreign trade, full-time specialists in nonsubsistence …
Is Egypt older than India?
Egypt: 6000 BC. India: 2500 BC. Vietnam: 4000 Years Old. North Korea: 7th Century BC.