How did the British land in India? The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium.
Where did the British set up their factory and when in India?
Company ships docked at Surat in Gujarat in 1608. The company established its first Indian factory in 1611 at Masulipatnam on the Andhra Coast of the Bay of Bengal; and a second at Surat in 1612.
When did British set up their first factory in India?
By January 1613, the first East India Company factory had come up at Surat. Four centuries later, those early footprints of the British Empire have been obliterated.
Why were the British successful in India?
The British took advantage of the deep division of Indian, social, political and economic structure. They adopted the policy of ‘Divide and Rule,’ policy and played one state against the other. Slowly many Indian states had fallen prey to the British designs and were forced to fight with each other.
Why was EIC interested in India?
The British East India company was interested in India because it contained vast quantities of valuable goods. These included tea, cotton, indigo and spices. The British East India company came to dominate the production and trade of these goods.
What made British to leave India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
How was India before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?
They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.
Was British rule good or bad for India?
Some recent research suggests that British rule did little for India in economic terms. Britain gained hugely from ruling India, but most of the wealth created was not invested back into the country. … India’s population only grew by about 1% per year, which also suggests there was not much economic growth.