The Government of India Act of 1919, made a provision for classification of the central and provincial subjects. The Act kept the Income Tax as a source of revenue to the Central Government. However, for Bengal and Bombay, to meet their objections, a provision to assign them 25% of the income tax was made.
What are the main features of 1919 Act?
Features of the Act
- It relaxed the central control over the provinces by demarcating and separating the central and provincial subjects. …
- It further divided the provincial subjects into two parts—transferred and reserved. …
- It introduced, for the first time, bicameralism and direct elections in the country.
Which reforms were introduced in 1919?
The 1919 reforms did not satisfy political demands in India. The British repressed opposition, and restrictions on the press and on movement were re-enacted through the Rowlatt Acts introduced in 1919. These measures were rammed through the Legislative Council with the unanimous opposition of the Indian members.
Why was Montagu Chelmsford Reforms introduced?
This Act, commonly known as Montague-Chelmsford Reforms. Minto-Morley reforms, introduced in 1909, proved unsatisfactory for Indian people. Resultantly, Indians demanded more representation and called for greater self-government. … At that time, Edwin Montague was the Secretary of State for India.
What is the importance of 1919?
The year 1919 was transformative around the world, including in the United States. On the global stage, troops returned home from World War I; the Treaty of Versailles was signed; and the idea of self-determination, fueled by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson’s desire for a liberal international order, took hold.
What is the other name of Indian Government Act 1919?
Hint The Government of India Act of 1919 is also known as Montagu- Chelmsford Reforms. The Act has its own set of objectives under a separate Preamble. To be precise, the British Parliament that sought to increase the participation of Indians in the administration of their country.
What do you know about Rowlatt Act 1919?
Rowlatt Acts, (February 1919), legislation passed by the Imperial Legislative Council, the legislature of British India. The acts allowed certain political cases to be tried without juries and permitted internment of suspects without trial. … The Rowlatt Acts were much resented by an aroused Indian public.
What was the main aim of Government of India Act 1935?
Government of India Act, 1935 – Overview
|Government of India Act 1935|
|Aim||An Act to make further provision for the Government of India.|
|Territorial Extent||Territories under direct British control|
|Enacted by||Parliament of United Kingdom|
|Royal Assent||24th July 1935|
Why was the Government of India Act 1919 passed?
An Act to make further provision with respect to the Government of India. It was passed to expand participation of Indians in the government of India. … The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Chelmsford.