Art. 31-A, inserted by the Constitution First Amendment Act, 1951 with display effect, provides for acquisition of estates of the nature referred to in various clauses, declaring that such laws shall not be deemed void on the ground that they take away any of the rights given by Article 14 or 19 of the Constitution.
What is Article 31A?
Article 31A in The Constitution Of India 1949. 31A. Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc ( 1 ) Notwithstanding anything contained in Article 13, no law providing for. (a) the acquisition by the State of any estate or of any rights therein or the extinguishment or modification of any such rights, or.
What is Article 31A 31b 31C?
Article 31, 31A, 31B and 31C
Originally, the right to property was one of the seven fundamental rights and provided that no person shall be deprived of his property except by authority of law.
When was Article 31 removed?
This Article was deleted from Part III of the Constitution by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, and a modified version was inserted as Article 300A.
What is the difference between 31A and 31b?
Article 31b of Indian Constitution. … Article 31b of Indian Constitution states that the provisions mentioned in Article 31a are immune from Indian judiciary and cannot be nulled on the basis that they might violate the fundamental rights mentioned in Articles 14, 19 and 31 of Indian Constitution.
Is Article 31C valid?
Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. , The Supreme Court struck down article 31C as unconstitutional (Amended portion in 42nd Amendment Act) on the ground that it destroys the “basic features” of the Constitution. … The Court held that article 31C as originally introduced by the 25th Amendment is constitutionally valid.
What is the Article 23?
Article 23 of the Indian Constitution explicitly prohibits and criminalises human trafficking and forced labour.
Is Article 31 a fundamental right?
Article 31 provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.” It also provided that compensation would be paid to a person whose property has been taken for public purposes. … The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of fundamental rights.
What does Article 36 say?
The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
What does Article 33 say?
By article 33 of the Constitution, Parliament is empowered to enact laws determining to what extent any of the rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution shall, in their application to the members of the Armed Forces or the Forces charged with the maintenance of public order, be restricted or abrogated so as to …
What is Article 356 of the Constitution?
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, if a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.
What does Article 368 say?
368. Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and Procedure therefor: (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, Parliament may in exercise of its constituent power amend by way of addition, variation or repeal any provision of this Constitution in accordance with the procedure laid down in this article.
What is Article 14 of the Constitution?
Article 14 requires that all of the rights and freedoms set out in the Act must be protected and applied without discrimination. … Article 14 is based on the core principle that all of us, no matter who we are, enjoy the same human rights and should have equal access to them.