How many types of maize are there in India?

Since 1961, a total number of 187 cultivars including single cross hybrids, composites and multiple parent crosses have been released nationwide. In India, maize is traditionally grown in monsoon (Kharif) season, which is accompanied by high temperature (What are the varieties of maize in India?

Cultivars

S. No. Cultivar Av. Yield (t/ha)
3 VL Sweet Corn Hybrid-2 (FSCH-75)
4 SHIATS Makka-2 (IVT DMR 262)
5 Maize VGIH-1 (VaMH-12014)
6 JKMH 4152 (JKMH 8008)

What are the main types of maize?

All white, waxy and popcorn varieties of maize must be grown in isolation (both in distance and time) from other maize varieties, as pollen from other crops will affect the quality of grain produced by these types.

Which Indian state is largest producer of maize?

After Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh Bihar is the highest maize producer. Andhra Pradesh is having highest state productivity.

What are 5 uses of maize?

Maize is generally used for animal feed. It is widely processed into various types of products such as cornmeal, grits, starch, flour, tortillas, snacks, and breakfast cereals.

How is maize used today?

Today’s corn crop is mainly used for biofuels (roughly 40 percent of U.S. corn is used for ethanol) and as animal feed (roughly 36 percent of U.S. corn, plus distillers grains left over from ethanol production, is fed to cattle, pigs and chickens). Much of the rest is exported.

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What are the main uses of maize?

Maize is used for making industrial alcohol. Maize is also used for making vegetable oil and starch is also obtained from it. On the other hand maize stalks are used in making rayon, plastics, paper and wall-boards.

Why is maize called corn?

“Corn” comes from an old word once meaning a grain of sand or other small hard substance. “Corn” became the generic for “grain,” be it wheat, barley, rye or whatever. So this plant that is properly called “maize” was referred to as “corn” by early settlers on this side of the Atlantic.

Which soil is good for maize?

Maize can be grown successfully in variety of soils ranging from loamy sand to clay loam. However, soils with good organic matter content having high water holding capacity with neutral pH are considered good for higher productivity.