The South Indian temple consists essentially of a square-chambered sanctuary topped by a superstructure, tower, or spire and an attached pillared porch or hall (maṇḍapa, or maṇṭapam), enclosed by a peristyle of cells within a rectangular court.
What are the major features of temples?
Dravida and Nagara architecture
|Main temple spire (tower)||Sikhara above sanctum|
|Mandapa spire (tower)||Yes|
|Curvature of the spire||Curvilinear centred over the sanctum, also straight-edged pyramidal|
|Sanctum||Single or multi-storey|
What is unique about Hindu temples?
Temples serve as dwelling places for deities, surrounded by markets selling offerings and flowers. The inner sanctuaries are small and intended for a few worshippers at a time. Above the sanctuaries are central towers, shaped like the mountain home of the gods and brightly painted. Created by Asian Art Museum.
Is Lord Shiva South Indian?
Yet he is also an ancient god of fertility. Sometimes he is shown in sensuous, loving rapport with his wife Parvati and their children. Shiva was especially predominant in south India. … His hair is the Ganges, mother of rivers, within which is Shiva’s emblem, the crescent moon.
What are the important architectural features of the temples?
Architectural features of the temples of Bengal:
- Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala).
- Comparative more complex-four roofed structures-four triangular roofs placed on four walls moved up to coverage on curved line or a point.
- Built on a square platform.
- Interior plain.
What are the main characteristics of Indian temples?
The garbhagriha is made to house the main icon which is itself the focus of much ritual attention; (ii) the entrance to the temple which may be a portico or colonnaded hall that incorporates space for a large number of worshippers and is known as a mandapa; (iii) freestanding temples tend to have a mountain-like spire, …
What is temple architecture called?
The two major styles of temple architecture in the country are known as Nagara in the north and Dravidian in the south. The third style, Vesara Style, is fusion of Nagara and Dravidian style of architecture.
Why Hindu temples are built?
Temples were built to house a sacred symbol of a particular god and were decorated with sculptural figures recalling episodes from mythology.