What country once controlled India?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

What countries have controlled India?

Colonial India

EIC in India 1612–1757
Company rule in India 1757–1858
British rule in Portuguese India 1797–1813
British Raj 1858–1947
British rule in Burma 1824–1948

Who controlled India first?

European control of early modern India began with merchants establishing forts and factories along the periphery of this ancient dominion. The Portuguese arrived first, in Kerala in 1498.

What made British to leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Was India a rich country before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858)

Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.

Why Bharat is called India?

The name is derived from the ancient Hindu Puranas, which refer to the land that comprises India as Bhāratavarṣa (Sanskrit: भारतवर्ष, lit. ‘country of Bharata’) and uses this term to distinguish it from other varṣas or continents.

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Who Ruled India most?

List of largest empires in India

Empire Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²) Approximate date of maximum extent
British Raj 4,574,000 1911
Mughal Empire 4,000,000 1690
Maurya Empire 3,400,000–5,000,000 261 BC or 250 BC
Republic of India (for comparison) 3,287,263

Who ruled India in 1600?

1600: Royal Charter forms the East India Company, setting in motion a process that ultimately results in the subjugation of India under British rule. 1605: Akbar the Great dies at age 63. His son Jahangir succeeds him as fourth Mughal Emperor.

Who was the first king of India?

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya was the first king/ruler of Ancient India.

Is known as a founder of British rule in India?

Robert Clive is one of those men who are remembered as the makers of history. He holds a key position in the history of modern India. In the annals of his country he holds a significant place as the founder of the British Empire in India.