Phytoplankton and algae form the bases of aquatic food webs. They are eaten by primary consumers like zooplankton, small fish, and crustaceans. Primary consumers are in turn eaten by fish, small sharks, corals, and baleen whales.
What herbivore eats algae in the ocean?
In an ocean ecosystem, many types of fish and turtles are herbivores that eat algae and seagrass.
Is there algae in the Indian Ocean?
Algae. Algae are simple, plant-like organisms that, like plants, produce energy through photosynthesis. They are a component of the ocean’s plankton swarms. In the Indian Ocean, they also exist in other forms.
What eats algae in swamps?
Zooplankton are tiny little animals (mainly crustaceans) that eat algae.
What is the largest animal in the Indian Ocean?
A 150ft siphonophore – the longest animal ever recorded – has been discovered during a scientific expedition exploring submarine canyons in the Indian Ocean off Western Australia.
What animal eats algae in the ocean?
Larger animals, including some marine snails, fish, reptiles, and mammals, graze on algae. Filter feeders strain their food (plankton and detritus) directly from the water. Filter feeding animals include animals like bivalves, tube worms, sponges, and even large animals like baleen whales and manta rays.
Do shrimps eat phytoplankton?
The shrimp have little in the way of locomotion and are very small, so they eat other small things that are floating with them, mainly algae and plankton. … Farmed and aquarium shrimp subsist mainly on algae and any plants that may have been planted to add some variety to their diet.
Is algae a decomposer?
No, Algae are producers and are autotrophs. Fungi, bacteria and other microorganisms are decomposers, which decompose organic matter present in dead and decaying remains of plants and animals. …
What makes the Indian Ocean unique?
This ocean holds a unique place owing to its properties. As mentioned in the Indian Ocean facts, the water here has highest concentration of dissolved and floating hydrocarbons, has maximum negative water balance and is single source of water of highest and lowest salinity levels.
How many animals live in the Indian Ocean?
over 2,200 species – approximately 75% of world’s coral reef fish species), the turtles (5 species), the sea cucumbers (140 species), the shelled marine molluscs (over 3 200 species, e.g. bivalve, oysters, clams and mussels), the corals (ca. 300 species), the mangroves (9 species), and the seagrasses (12 species).