What is a child Labour in India?

The term considered as Child labour or branded as “Child Labour” may be girls are affected by sexual violence or other exploitation. The violators used as a tool (Child Employment) to involve young girls in working places and misuse and utilize the child workers for their sexual needs.

What is meant by child labour?

The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that: is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and/or.

What do child laborers in India do?

Across India child labourers can be found in a variety of industries: in brick kilns, carpet weaving, garment making, domestic service, food and refreshment services (such as tea stalls), agriculture, fisheries and mining.

Who is a child in India?

The 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as an individual who has not attained the age of 18 years. In India, different laws define the words ‘child’ and ‘minor’ differently. At the receiving end of this ambiguity are children between the ages of 15-18.

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What are the reasons for child labour?

Below are some of the root causes which make children particularly vulnerable to child labour.

  • Poverty. …
  • Lack of access to quality education. …
  • Poor access to decent work. …
  • Limited understanding of child labour. …
  • Natural disasters & climate change. …
  • Conflicts & mass migration. …
  • Fighting child labour.

What is child labour in simple words?

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.

Who is responsible for child labour?

While Poor school infrastructure is a big reason behind the problem, the problem of poverty is also to be blamed. It’s shocking to know that in most cases, the parents or relatives of the children coming from socially backward families push them towards child labour.

Who started child labor?

The movement to regulate child labour began in Great Britain at the close of the 18th century, when the rapid development of large-scale manufacturing made possible the exploitation of young children in mining and industrial work.

Is child Labour banned in India?

Government has enacted the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 which came into force w.e.f. 1.9. 2016. The Amendment Act completely prohibits the employment of children below 14 years.

Is child Labour illegal?

The most sweeping federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Child labor provisions under FLSA are designed to protect the educational opportunities of youth and prohibit their employment in jobs that are detrimental to their health and safety.

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What is the punishment for child Labour?

What is the punishment for employing children in violation of the law? Any person who employs a child below 14 or a child between 14 and 18 in a hazardous occupation or process can be punished with jail time of between six months and two years and/or fine between Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 50,000.

Is it illegal to employ a 15 year old?

Under the Act, employers cannot employ children under 16 in regular full-time jobs. They may employ children aged 14 and 15 years on light work as follows: Children aged 14 or over may do light work during the school holidays where the hours do not exceed 7 in any day or 35 in any week.

What is the age limit for child labor?

Generally speaking, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets the minimum age for employment (14 years for non-agricultural jobs), restricts the hours youth under the age of 16 may work, and prohibits youth under the age of 18 from being employed in hazardous occupations.