In Calcutta, the Governor-General remained head of the Government of India and now was more commonly called the Viceroy on account of his secondary role as the Crown’s representative to the nominally sovereign princely states. … This innovation in Indian governance was promulgated in the Indian Councils Act 1861.
What role did a viceroy have in India?
After 1858, the governor-general (now usually known as the viceroy) functioned as the chief administrator of India and as the Sovereign’s representative. India was divided into numerous provinces, each under the head of a governor, lieutenant governor or chief commissioner or administrator.
What did the British do when ruled India?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. The British were very effective at infiltrating these states and gradually taking control.
What is the role of a viceroy?
Viceroy, one who rules a country or province as the representative of his sovereign or king and who is empowered to act in the sovereign’s name.
What were the benefits of British rule in India?
The Benefits of British Rule for India: In the Cause of Humanity: Abolition of suttee and infanticide. Destruction of Dacoits, Thugs, Pindarees, and other such pests of Indian society. Allowing remarriage of Hindu widows, and charitable aid in time of famine.
Who was the 2nd Viceroy of India?
Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947
|Lord Minto II||1905 – 1910|
|Lord Hardinge II||1910 – 1916|
|Lord Chelmsford||1916 – 1921|
|Lord Reading||1921 – 1926|
Was India rich before British rule?
In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.
What rank is viceroy?
Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank. An individual viceroy often also held a noble title, however, such as Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston who was also Viceroy of New Spain.
What is difference between viceroy and Governor-General?
The post of Governor-General of India and Viceroy was preceded by Governor of Bengal. When the East India Company came to India, it controlled Bengal through the post of Governor of Bengal.
Difference between Viceroy and Governor-General.
|Aspect||Governor-General of India||Viceroy of India|
|Duration of Post||1833-1858||1858-1948|
Who was the best Viceroy of India?
Top 15 British Viceroys of India
- Viceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):
- Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):
- Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):
- Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):
- Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):
- Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):
- Viceroy # 7. …
- Viceroy # 8.
Why did British give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
What were some negative impacts of British rule for India?
The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it …