This treaty between the federal government, represented by commissioners Duncan Campbell and James Meriwether, and a minority of Creek Indians, led by William McIntosh, was signed on February 12, 1825 and ratified by the Senate on March 7, 1825.
Did William McIntosh signed the Treaty of Indian Springs?
On February 12, 1825, Chief McIntosh signed a treaty at Indian Springs selling the remaining Creek land in Georgia.
What did the second Treaty of Indian Springs do?
The treaty made the Creek National Council even more determined to cede no more land. The treaty was signed on January 8, 1821, at Indian Springs, Georgia. Ultimately, the Creeks refused to cede land between themselves and the Cherokees and refused to move west.
Where was William McIntosh killed?
Why was the Treaty of Indian Springs invalid?
Led by Chief McIntosh, the Creek Indians ceded all land between the Flint and Ocmulgee Rivers and north to the Chattahoochee River on January 8, 1821, in the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Two years later, the treaty was declared invalid because of rumors of bribery and coercion.
What were the 2 main Indian tribes in Georgia?
Native Americans have lived and worked in Georgia for over 12,000 years. Two of the largest tribes are the Creek and the Cherokee.
Why was the Treaty of Indian Springs a betrayal of the Creek Nation?
Following the agreement that was reached in the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1825, Chief McIntosh lost his life. Why did this happen? They was betrayed by rival American Indian who wanted the land he had received. Creek leaders executed McIntosh because he made the agreement without their consent.