Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km. Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.
Which type of soil is commonly found in India?
There are seven soil deposits in India. They are alluvial soil, black soil, red soil, laterite soil, or arid soil, and forest and mountainous soil,marsh soil. These soils are formed by the sediments brought down by the rivers. They are also have varied chemical properties.
Which type of soil is mostly?
Most common garden plants prefer loam — soils with a balance of different-sized mineral particles (approximately 40% sand, 40% silt, and 20% clay) with ample organic matter and pore space. However, some plants grow better in sandy soils, while others are well-adapted to clay soils.
Which soil is richest in humus?
Clayey soil is very fertile and has a high amount of humus in it as humus can easily mix with clay. Thus the correct option is (C) Clayey soil.
Which soil is known as black soil?
Black soil is also known as black cotton soil or the regur soil. … Most states of India which includes Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and some parts of Tamil Nadu are covered by the black soil. Black cotton soil is clayey in nature and is widely used for the purpose of agriculture.
What are the six types of soil in India?
On the basis of genesis, colour, composition and location, the soils of India have been classified into: (i) Alluvial soils (ii) Black soils (iii) Red and Yellow soils (iv) Laterite soils (v) Arid soils (vi) Saline soils (vii) Peaty soils (viii) Forest soils.
What are the 6 types of soil?
There are six main soil groups: clay, sandy, silty, peaty, chalky and loamy.
The Six Types of Soil
- Clay Soil. Clay soil feels lumpy and is sticky when wet and rock hard when dry. …
- Sandy Soil. …
- Silty Soil. …
- Peaty Soil. …
- Chalky Soil. …
- Loamy Soil.
Which soil is rich in humus 7?
Answer: Clayey soil is rich in humus and very fertile, so it is suitable for growing cereals like wheat and gram. Such soil is good at retaining water. Question 6: List the differences between clayey soil and sandy soil.
Which soil is poor in humus?
Option B: Alluvial soils are the soils that are deposited by surface water. They are usually found along rivers, in floodplains and deltas, stream terraces, and areas called alluvial fans. This type of soil has low content of humus.
Where is humus found?
Humus is dark, organic material that forms in soil when plant and animal matter decays. When plants drop leaves, twigs, and other material to the ground, it piles up.