What was diwani in the terms of ruling the countryside?
As Diwan, the Company became the chief financial administrator of the territory under its control. Now it had to think of administering the land and organising its revenue resources. This had to be done in a way that could yield enough revenue to meet the growing expenses of the company.
Who were zamindars Class 8?
Zamindars were recognised as the collectors of revenue and it was assumed that they would invest money to improve the crop production and fertility of soil. Zamindars did not pay attention to the condition of land and tried to keep more and more money left after collection.
Why did ruling the countryside become a necessity?
Why did ruling the countryside become a necessity? Ans Over the years the company also learnt that it had to move with some caution. Being an alien power, it needed to pacify those who in the past had ruled the countryside, and enjoyed authority and prestige.
What did the British realize about the countryside?
(ii) The British realised that the countryside not only yielded revenue, it could also grow crops that Europe required. By the late 18th century the Company was trying expanding the cultivation of opium and indigo. Therefore the British persuaded and forced cultivators in various parts of India to produce other crops.
Who were the indigo planters Class 8?
In 1788 only about 30% of the Indigo imported into Britain was from India, but by 1810 it went up to 95%. Attracted by the prospect of high profits, numerous Scotsmen and Englishmen came to India and became indigo planters; those who had no money to produce indigo could get loans from the Company.
What was diwani rights?
Diwani Rights were the rights granted to British East India Company to collect revenues and decide the civil cases. … He granted the British the Diwani rights (i.e. right to collect revenues and decide civil cases) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in lieu of Kara, Allahabad and an annual tax of Rs 26 lakhs.
What is a diwani?
Diwani means revenue administration of Mughal empire. In short it was tax collecting department. … That means EIC got rights to collect tax in the province of Bengal. Mughal emperor Shah Alam II granted Diwani rights under Treaty of Allahabad (1765).
Who was Morris Class 8?
William Morris was a British textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement. He was a major contributor to the revival of traditional British textile arts and methods of production.
Who was Amani in history class 8?
Question. Who was Amani? The person appointed by the Government in the south to collect land revenue is called Amani.
Who were planters Class 8?
There were two main systems of indigo cultivation – nij and ryoti. Within the system of nij cultivation, the planter produced indigo in lands that he directly controlled. He either bought the land or rented it from other zamindars and produced indigo by directly employing hired labourers.