The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.
What Indians were involved in the Indian Removal Act?
Over the next decade, Jackson led the way in the Indian removal campaign, helping to negotiate nine of the eleven major treaties to remove Indians. Under this kind of pressure, Native American tribes—specifically the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Choctaw—realized that they could not defeat the Americans in war.
Who supported and opposed the Indian Removal Act?
President Andrew Jackson signed the measure into law on May 28, 1830. 3. The legendary frontiersman and Tennessee congressman Davy Crockett opposed the Indian Removal Act, declaring that his decision would “not make me ashamed in the Day of Judgment.”
Who did the Indian Removal Act target?
Engineered by President Andrew Jackson, the plan became the centerpiece of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The law targeted the “Five Civilized Tribes,” the Chickasaw, the Choctaw, the Creek, the Seminole, and the Cherokee, and relocated these groups over the 1830s.
What did Andrew Jackson say about the Indian Removal Act?
Jackson declared that removal would “incalculably strengthen the southwestern frontier.” Clearing Alabama and Mississippi of their Indian populations, he said, would “enable those states to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power.”
What did the Indian Removal Act lead to?
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was approved and enforced by President Andrew Jackson. This act enabled the forced removal of Native American Tribes from their already claimed lands to land west of the Mississippi River. The reason for this forced removal was to make westward expansion for Americans easier.
Why did Davy Crockett not like the Indian Removal Act?
In this letter, written in December 1834, Davy Crockett complains about President Andrew Jackson’s forced removal of the Cherokees from their homes to Oklahoma. Crockett opposed that policy and feared Vice President Martin Van Buren would continue it, if elected president.
Why was the Indian Removal Act of 1830 unconstitutional?
Members of Congress like Davy Crockett argued that Jackson violated the Constitution by refusing to enforce treaties that guaranteed Indian land rights. But Congress passed the removal law in the spring of 1830. … In 1830, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Worcester v. Georgia that Jackson was wrong.