Following the earliest usage of the term by Ibn Battuta, Hindu Kush is often translated as “Killer of Hindu” or “Hindu Killer” — alluding to the days when slaves from the Indian subcontinent died in the harsh climatic conditions of the Afghan mountains while being taken from India to Turkestan.
What caused the Hindu Kush?
The Indian tectonic plate in the Hindu Kush region is not only colliding with and slipping under the Eurasian tectonic plate; it’s also contorted, pushed from the side into an S-shape like a ribbon candy.
Why are the Hindu Kush mountains important?
The HKH mountains abound with diverse natural resources. They provide valuable ecosystem goods and services including water, food, energy, biodiversity, and hydrological regulating functions to support the livelihoods of people living upstream and downstream.
Do people live in the Hindu Kush?
The population of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is approximately 210 million. The communities are largely agrarian, relying heavily on local natural resources and subsistence farming on small plots of land.
Which is the highest peak of Hindu Kush?
Who built Khyber Pass?
Victor Bailey was the engineer who was assigned the construction of the line. The section from Jamrud to Landi Kotal was opened on 3 November 3, 1925 by the wife of the engineer.