Britain desperately needed a foothold in the Indian subcontinent where it could legitimize its presence as an ally of the newly created state of Pakistan. Leaders of the movement for Pakistan also appreciated the expediency of a British presence in the state. … It suited Britain to partition India.
Why did Britain separate India and Pakistan?
This partition was part of the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent, called British Raj. The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country.
Why did the partition of India happen?
The overwhelming, predominantly-Hindu protest against the partition of Bengal, along with the fear of reforms favouring the Hindu majority, led the Muslim elite of India in 1906 to the new viceroy Lord Minto, asking for separate electorates for Muslims.
Why was the colony of India partitioned into India and Pakistan in 1947?
The Partition of India in 1947 is one of the great forgotten tragedies of the 20th century. It occurred when India became independent from the British Empire and the territory was broken into India and Pakistan. … It was decided that India needed to be separated because it had ended up as a massive, sprawling empire.
Why was the colony of India divided into India and Pakistan quizlet?
Jinnah and others feared that Muslims rights would not be respected in a country dominated by Hindus. Parliament passed it and Britain no longer was in control of the subcontinent. They set up partition of subcontinent into 2 separate independent nations known as Pakistan and India.
What was Pakistan old name?
In a 1933 pamphlet, Now or Never, Rahmat Ali and three Cambridge colleagues coined the name as an acronym for Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, and Indus-Sind, combined with the -stan suffix from Baluchistan (Balochistan).
Why did British give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Who opposed the partition of India?
The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).
Why Pakistan was created?
Spurred by the Pakistan Movement, which sought a homeland for the Muslims of British India, and election victories in 1946 by the All-India Muslim League, Pakistan gained independence in 1947 after the Partition of the British Indian Empire, which awarded separate statehood to its Muslim-majority regions and was …
How many Hindus are in Pakistan?
According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. However, according to the community, over 90 lakh Hindus are living in the country. The majority of Pakistan’s Hindu population is settled in Sindh province where they share culture, traditions and language with Muslim residents.
How much money did India give to Pakistan during partition?
The Government of India’s cash balances at the time of the partition were a little under Rs. 400 crores, inclusive of the securities held in the Cash Balance Investment Account. Of these, Pakistan’s share was fixed at Rs. 75 crores; this was inclusive of Rs.
Is East Pakistan Bangladesh?
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1947 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh. … The Constitution of Pakistan of 1956 replaced the Pakistani monarchy with an Islamic republic.