In 1973, members of the American Indian Movement occupied Wounded Knee for 71 days to protest conditions on the reservation. … Many Sioux believed that if they practiced the Ghost Dance and rejected the ways of the white man, the gods would create the world anew and destroy all non-believers, including non-Indians.
What was the original purpose of the American Indian Movement quizlet?
“The American Indian Movement’s (AIM) initial purpose upon its founding in 1968 was to protect the civil rights of Native Americans living in urban areas. Its scope quickly expanded as AIM tamed to the problems of native peoples throughout the United States, especially on reservations.”
What happened at Wounded Knee quizlet?
Terms in this set (19)
1890- the US Army slaughtered 300 unarmed Sioux women, children, and elders on the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota; the last of the so-called “Indian Wars.” It was subsequently described as a “massacre” by General Nelson A. … 2/3 of the Indians killed were women and children.
What is the significance of the occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973?
Then, in early 1973, AIM prepared for its dramatic occupation of Wounded Knee. In addition to its historical significance, Wounded Knee was one of the poorest communities in the United States and shared with the other Pine Ridge settlements some of the country’s lowest rates of life expectancy.
Why was Wounded Knee a turning point?
The massacre was the climax of the U.S. Army’s late 19th-century efforts to repress the Plains Indians. It broke any organized resistance to reservation life and assimilation to white American culture, although American Indian activists renewed public attention to the massacre during a 1973 occupation of the site.
What was the main goal of the American Indian Movement?
Its goals eventually encompassed the entire spectrum of Indian demands—economic independence, revitalization of traditional culture, protection of legal rights, and, most especially, autonomy over tribal areas and the restoration of lands that they believed had been illegally seized.
What were two main goals of the Native American movement?
Founded in 1968, the American Indian Movement (AIM) is an organization dedicated to the Native American civil rights movement. Its main objectives are the sovereignty of Native American lands and peoples; preservation of their culture and traditions; and enforcement of all treaties with the United States.
What was the impact of the Wounded Knee massacre?
The massacre at Wounded Knee, during which soldiers of the US Army 7th Cavalry Regiment indiscriminately slaughtered hundreds of Sioux men, women, and children, marked the definitive end of Indian resistance to the encroachments of white settlers.
What was the result of the massacre at Wounded Knee quizlet?
What was the Massacre the end of? It ended the Ghost Dance. The white American public was happy it was over, and even praised the soldiers for their actions. Practice of the Ghost Dance movement was believed to have contributed to Lakota resistance to assimilation under the Dawes Act.
What was the final outcome of Wounded Knee quizlet?
Hundreds of arrests were made, and two Native Americans were killed and a federal marshal was permanently paralyzed by a bullet wound. The leaders of AIM finally surrendered on May 8 after a negotiated settlement was reached.
What can we learn from the Wounded Knee Massacre?
This final massacre solidified the American hold on the west and closed the final chapter on a way of life that can never be brought back. Lakota Indians, having learned of the death of Sitting Bull started to move towards Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in hopes of finding protection from Red Cloud.