India is called a republic as the representatives are elected by the people of the country. The representatives elected by citizens have the power to take decisions on our behalf. … India declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.
Why is it called republic?
The word republic comes from the Latin term res publica, which literally means “public thing”, “public matter”, or “public affair” and was used to refer to the state as a whole. … For instance, Article IV of the United States Constitution “guarantee[s] to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government”.
What does Indian republic mean?
The word republic means the state in which supreme powers rest in the hands of the people and their elected representatives and also the head of the state is an elected or nominated person.Therefore the meaning of the sentence that India is a republic state means that the head of the state is not hereditary.
What is the real meaning of republic?
Republic, form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body. … The term republic may also be applied to any form of government in which the head of state is not a hereditary monarch.
Why is India called a republic Class 9 Ncert solutions?
Answer: India is called a Republic because the head of the state i.e., the President is an elected person, and it is not a hereditary position.
Why is Canada not a republic?
Presently, Canada is a constitutional monarchy. It shares its unelected, hereditary head of state, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, with that country and fourteen other former British colonies. … By definition, a republic is a government without a monarch as head of state.
What’s the difference between a republic and a democracy?
Republic: “A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives…” Democracy: “A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.”
Who gave the name India?
The name India is derived from the river ‘Sindhu’ or Indus as called by the ancient Greeks. S from Bharat became I in west, hence Sindhu became Indus. And the land of Indus was called Indica or India.
What are the 3 elements of a republic?
The elements of a republic are these: 1) a representative government, 2) a written constitution and 3) the rule of law.
Is India a republic or a democracy?
India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure with unitary features.
What is an example of republic?
The word republic comes from the Latin words res publica, meaning a “public thing”. For example, the United States and India are republics, but North Korea and Cuba are also called republics. However, the United Kingdom and Canada are not republics since they have a monarch (Queen Elizabeth II in both cases).