India was considered the ‘Jewel in the Crown’ for the British Empire due to India’s resources and location. Britain exploited India’s natural assets. … During the Industrial Revolution, Britain needed raw materials and new markets, which India had.
Why was India called the jewel in the crown of the British Empire How did the British gain control of India What policies did they follow in government and economics?
The British termed India as the “Jewel in the crown” because; Access to India made the region the most valuable colony for the British. Prior to colonizing India, Britain had access to North America, but this access ended with the American Revolution.
Why did the British want India?
Britain came to India in 1858 for their profitable resources that the British Empire wanted to make theirs. Leaving in 1947 just to leave before a civil war broke out and leaving India in terrible shape taking and using whatever resources they wanted in their rule in India.
How many countries are still under British rule?
There remain, however, 14 global territories which remain under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Many of the former territories of the British Empire are members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Why was India considered the most valuable British colony?
India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. Soldiering was an honourable tradition in India and the British capitalised on this. They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power.
Was India rich before British rule?
In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.
What made British to leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).