Why was the Government of India Act 1919 passed?

An Act to make further provision with respect to the Government of India. It was passed to expand participation of Indians in the government of India. … The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Chelmsford.

When was the Government of India Act passed 1919?

23 December 2019 marks 100 years since the Government of India Act 1919 received royal assent. The Act sought to institute the declarations of Edwin Montagu, then Secretary of State for India, made on 20 August 1917.

What are the main features of Government of India Act 1935?

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1935 were as follows:

  • Abolition of provincial dyarchy and introduction of dyarchy at centre.
  • Abolition of Indian Council and introduction of an advisory body in its place.
  • Provision for an All India Federation with British India territories and princely states.

Who is father of Dyarchy?

Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by Edwin Samuel Montagu (secretary of state for India, 1917–22) and Lord Chelmsford (viceroy of India, 1916–21). The principle of dyarchy was a division of the executive branch of each provincial government into authoritarian and popularly responsible sections.

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What are the features of 1919 Act?

The Government of India Act of 1919, made a provision for classification of the central and provincial subjects. The Act kept the Income Tax as a source of revenue to the Central Government. However, for Bengal and Bombay, to meet their objections, a provision to assign them 25% of the income tax was made.

What are the main features of 1919 Act?

Executive: The Act made the Governor-General the chief executive authority. There had to be the Executive Council of the Viceroy of eight members, out of which three were to be Indians. The governor-general could restore cuts in grants, certify bills rejected by the central legislature and issue ordinances.

What power did the Rowlatt Act 1919 gave to government?

The British government passed the Rowlatt Act which gave powers to the police to arrest any person without any reason whatsoever. The purpose of the Act was to curb the growing nationalist upsurge in the country. Gandhi called upon the people to do Satyagraha against such oppressive “Act”.

Who is called the father of Indian National Congress?

Allan Octavian Hume, C. B. : father of the Indian National Congress (1829 to 1912) | INDIAN CULTURE.

Why is the Government of India Act of 1935 important?

Government of India Act, 1935 was a major step towards the Independence of India and helped in the reorganization of the states. Britishers have introduced this Act because through this Act they can win the support of modern nationalist and they could rule over the dominion of India.

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Who ended dyarchy?

Warren Hastings abolished Dyarchy. Explanation: Dyarchy failed and so did the ‘three round-table conferences’. In the early thirties, clouds of the ‘Second World War’ were gathering and, with a view to woo the Indian masses, the government brought in the Act of 1935.