On August 2, 1858, Parliament passed the Government of India Act, transferring British power over India from the company to the crown.
Why was the Government of India Act 1919 passed?
An Act to make further provision with respect to the Government of India. It was passed to expand participation of Indians in the government of India. … The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Chelmsford.
When was the Government of India Act passed Class 9?
On August 2, 1858, less than a month after Canning proclaimed the victory of British arms, Parliament passed the Government of India Act, transferring British power over India from the East India Company, whose ineptitude was primarily blamed for the mutiny, to the crown.
Who is known as the father of dyarchy?
Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by Edwin Samuel Montagu (secretary of state for India, 1917–22) and Lord Chelmsford (viceroy of India, 1916–21). The principle of dyarchy was a division of the executive branch of each provincial government into authoritarian and popularly responsible sections.
Who introduced dyarchy in India?
The person who abolished Dyarchy was Warren Hastings. Complete step-by-step answer: An act was introduced by the Dyarchy for the provinces of British India. Due to this act, the democratic principle was first introduced into the executive branch of the British Administration of India.
How was India treated under British rule?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.