Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow.
Why did the Indian mutiny happen?
It began (May 10, 1857) at Meerut as a mutiny among 35,000 Indian troops (sepoys) in the Bengal army. The immediate cause was the introduction of cartridges lubricated with the fat of cows and pigs, a practice offensive to Hindus and Muslims. A more general cause was resentment at Westernization.
How many died in the Indian Mutiny?
There are 2,392 fatalities recorded on the British Casualties, Indian Mutiny 1857-1859 register. The record set includes those British subjects or servicemen who died during the conflict. It is drawn from various sources including individual graves, memorials, plaques, medal rolls and other relevant sources.
What was the major result of the Indian Mutiny of 1857?
The immediate result of the mutiny was a general housecleaning of the Indian administration. The East India Company was abolished in favour of the direct rule of India by the British government. … The financial crisis caused by the mutiny led to a reorganization of the Indian administration’s finances on a modern basis.
Who led the Indian Rebellion of 1857?
Suppression and The Revolt
|Places of Revolt||Indian Leaders||British Officials who suppressed the revolt|
|Kanpur||Nana Saheb||Sir Colin Campbell|
|Jhansi & Gwalior||Lakshmi Bai & Tantia Tope||General Hugh Rose|
|Bareilly||Khan Bahadur Khan||Sir Colin Campbell|
|Allahabad and Banaras||Maulvi Liyakat Ali||Colonel Oncell|
Why is 1857 Famous?
10 May (starting date of the revolt)- Indian rebellion of 1857 (also known as the Sepoy Mutiny) or The First War Of Indian Independence, widespread uprising in northern and central India against the rule of the British East India Company.
Why did the Indian sepoys reject the Enfield rifle?
the Indian sepoys refused to use the Enfield rifle because at that time, a rumour spread that the cartridge were greased with the fat of cows and pigs.
Why was 1857 mutiny not a success?
The revolt was eventually not successful in ousting the British from the country because of several factors. The sepoys lacked one clear leader; there were several. They also did not have a coherent plan by which the foreigners would be routed.