Creeks were soon dispossessed of their remaining land. In the Treaty of Indian Springs (1825), Georgia agents bribed Creek leader William McIntosh to sign away all Creek territory in the state in return for plantation land along the Chattahoochee River.
Who illegally signed the second Treaty of Indian Springs?
McIntosh, William(1778-1825)- Creek chief who illegally signed the Second Treaty of Indian Springs; was murdered by his tribesmen for this action. Methodist Church- one of the major Protestant denominations in Georgia; grew rapidly from 1790-1830.
What did the second Treaty of Indian Springs do?
The treaty made the Creek National Council even more determined to cede no more land. The treaty was signed on January 8, 1821, at Indian Springs, Georgia. Ultimately, the Creeks refused to cede land between themselves and the Cherokees and refused to move west.
What was a major reason for the Indian Removal Act of 1830?
A major reason for the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was the Supreme Court ruling in 1823 of Johnson v. M’Intosh.
How much land was given up by the creeks when McIntosh signed the Treaty of Indian Springs?
In exchange for $400,000 (about half of which would go directly to McIntosh and his friends), the headman agreed to cede to the United States all of the Creeks’ land in Georgia in addition to three million acres in Alabama.
Why was the Treaty of Indian Springs invalid?
Led by Chief McIntosh, the Creek Indians ceded all land between the Flint and Ocmulgee Rivers and north to the Chattahoochee River on January 8, 1821, in the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Two years later, the treaty was declared invalid because of rumors of bribery and coercion.
How did the first Treaty of Indian Springs impact the creek?
The First Treaty of Indian Springs, or more formally the Treaty with the Creeks, 1821, entailed the Creeks ceding their remaining land east of the Flint River in Georgia to the United States. The treaty made the Creek National Council even more determined to cede no more land.
Why was the Treaty of Indian Springs a betrayal of the Creek Nation?
Following the agreement that was reached in the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1825, Chief McIntosh lost his life. Why did this happen? They was betrayed by rival American Indian who wanted the land he had received. Creek leaders executed McIntosh because he made the agreement without their consent.