Etowah Indian Mounds (9BR1) are a 54-acre (220,000 m2) archaeological site in Bartow County, Georgia south of Cartersville, in the United States. Built and occupied in three phases, from 1000–1550 AD, the prehistoric site is located on the north shore of the Etowah River.
How old are the Etowah Indian Mounds?
Home to several thousand Native Americans from 1000 A.D. to 1550 A.D., this 54-acre site protects six earthen mounds, a plaza, village site, borrow pits and defensive ditch. Etowah Mounds is the most intact Mississippian Culture site in the Southeast.
When were Indian mounds built?
Archaeologists believe that it was constructed around 3500 BC as a ceremonial center for a community that migrated seasonally. Between 2500 BC and 1200 BC many shell rings were constructed along the South Atlantic Coast.
What Native period were these mounds built?
From c. 500 B.C. to c. 1650 A.D., the Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Native American cultures built mounds and enclosures in the Ohio River Valley for burial, religious, and, occasionally, defensive purposes. They often built their mounds on high cliffs or bluffs for dramatic effect, or in fertile river valleys.
What are the names of the Indian mounds?
Ancient Mysteries: The 6 Coolest Indian Burial Mounds
- Serpent Mound. Peebles, OH. …
- Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. Collinsville, IL. …
- Effigy Mounds National Monument. Harpers Ferry, IA. …
- Fort Ancient Museum. Oregonia, OH. …
- Spiro Mounds. Spiro, OK. …
- Observatory Hill Mounds. Madison, WI.
Why did they build mounds?
Mounds were typically flat-topped earthen pyramids used as platforms for religious buildings, residences of leaders and priests, and locations for public rituals. In some societies, honored individuals were also buried in mounds.
Who built the mounds in America?
Mound Builders were prehistoric American Indians, named for their practice of burying their dead in large mounds. Beginning about three thousand years ago, they built extensive earthworks from the Great Lakes down through the Mississippi River Valley and into the Gulf of Mexico region.
Why did they bury Göbekli Tepe?
Schmidt considered Göbekli Tepe a central location for a cult of the dead and that the carved animals are there to protect the dead. Though no tombs or graves have yet been found, Schmidt believed that graves remain to be discovered in niches located behind the walls of the sacred circles.