Deforestation in India is the widespread destruction of major forests in India. It is mainly caused by environmental degradation by stakeholders such as farmers, ranches, loggers and plantation corporations.
Why deforestation is a major problem in India?
Farming, cutting of timber, mining and often indiscriminate dam building for hydro electric power projects are the foremost causes of deforestation in India. Another factor is the burgeoning population and its resultant growing urbanisation.
Does India suffer from deforestation?
Since 1980, India has diverted 1.5 million hectares of forest land for development and a majority of this loss occurred since 2000. … In the absence of policies that regulate how imported palm oil or timber is produced, India is a contributor to large-scale deforestation in these countries.
Is deforestation a problem in 2020?
The 2020 deforestation rate is 182% higher than the established target of 3,925 km2 and represents a reduction of only 44% instead of the 80% established in law3. It equates to 648 TgCO2 (or 648 million tons of CO2) emitted to the atmosphere related to gross deforestation6.
Which part of India is most affected by deforestation?
Mizoram has witnessed the biggest decline in forest area with a loss of 47.2 Kha in the last year, followed by Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya and Nagaland. “In India, the top four regions were responsible for 52 per cent of all tree cover loss between 2019 and 2020.
What are the 5 effects of deforestation?
The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.
Why is forest in danger?
The main cause of deforestation is agriculture (poorly planned infrastructure is emerging as a big threat too) and the main cause of forest degradation is illegal logging. … Deforestation is a particular concern in tropical rain forests because these forests are home to much of the world’s biodiversity.
How many trees are cut down in India?
Tree felling almost doubled between 2016-2019 in India: Data from Environment Ministry. 76,72,337 trees were cut down between year 2016-17 to 2018-19 with 17,31,957 trees in year 2016-17 citing ‘absolute necessity’ which increased to 30,36,642 in year 2018-2019.
Which country has the most deforestation 2020?
Countries With the Highest Deforestation Rates in the World
- Nigeria. …
- The Philippines. …
- Benin. …
- Ghana. …
- Indonesia. …
- Nepal. …
- North Korea. …
- Haiti. Since 1990, approximately 22% decline in forest cover has been witnessed in Liberia, Haiti, and Ecuador.