How did British exploit India?

Colonial Exploitation through manipulation of import and export duties by the British rulers so as to destroy the supremacy of the Indian goods, especially cotton and silk fabrics over the British goods and then to succeed ultimately in penetrating into the Indian market through its machine made goods.

How did British exploit Indian resources?

The British shareholders claimed the investments guaranteed massive returns. The colonizers were only interested in exploiting India’s natural resources as they transported items such as coal, iron ore, cotton and other natural resources to ports for the British to ship home to use in their factories.

How did the British ruined India?

The British took thriving industries — like textiles, shipbuilding, and steel — and destroyed them through violence, taxes, import tariffs, and imposing their exports and products on the back of the Indian consumer. … In addition to decimating the economy, the British inflicted massive suffering on the Indian people.

What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?

They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.

What was Britain doing to India?

The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. The British were very effective at infiltrating these states and gradually taking control.

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Was India rich before British rule?

In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.

Why did British give up India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

How many British soldiers died in India?

About 87,000 Indian soldiers lost their lives during this conflict.