In August 1947, the British decided to end their 200-year long rule in the Indian subcontinent and to divide it into two separate nations, Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India. … Some of these territories and princely states did not become part of India or Pakistan until recently.
Why India and Pakistan were separated?
The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country. The main spokesperson for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Who was responsible for the partition of India?
Markandey Katju views the British as bearing responsibility for the partition of India; he regards Jinnah as a British agent who advocated for the creation of Pakistan in order “to satisfy his ambition to become the ‘Quaid-e-Azam’, regardless of the suffering his actions caused to both Hindus and Muslims.” Katju …
Why was India split into two countries?
Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru represented the Hindu majority and wanted one united India. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who led the Muslim minority, thought the rifts created by colonization were too deep to repair. Jinnah argued for a two nation division where Muslims would have a homeland called Pakistan.
Was Pakistan ever a part of India?
Britain had ruled India for almost 200 years, but in August 1947 that all came to an end. What was British India was divided into two independent states which would rule themselves: India, and Pakistan. Pakistan was split across two areas, which were 1,240 miles apart.
What was Pakistan called before?
In a 1933 pamphlet, Now or Never, Rahmat Ali and three Cambridge colleagues coined the name as an acronym for Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, and Indus-Sind, combined with the -stan suffix from Baluchistan (Balochistan).
Why Pakistan was created?
Spurred by the Pakistan Movement, which sought a homeland for the Muslims of British India, and election victories in 1946 by the All-India Muslim League, Pakistan gained independence in 1947 after the Partition of the British Indian Empire, which awarded separate statehood to its Muslim-majority regions and was …
Why did British officials partition India and Pakistan?
Why did British officials partition India into India and Pakistan? … British officials soon became convinced that partition an idea first proposed by India’s Muslims, would be the only way to ensure a safe and secure region. Partition was the term given to the division of India into separate Hindu and Muslim nations.
Who created Pakistan?
In the first half of the 19th century, the region was appropriated by the East India Company, followed, after 1857, by 90 years of direct British rule, and ending with the creation of Pakistan in 1947, through the efforts, among others, of its future national poet Allama Iqbal and its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
What is the main religion in Pakistan and Bangladesh?
|Percent Christian||0.3% Ranked 44th.||1.5% Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Bangladesh|
|Percentage Muslim||88% Ranked 32nd.||96.35% Ranked 18th. 9% more than Bangladesh|
|Jehovahs Witnesses||110 Ranked 160th.||1,032 Ranked 124th. 9 times more than Bangladesh|
|Major religion(s)||Islam, Hinduism||Islam|
How much money did India gave to Pakistan at the time of partition?
On Partition of India, the share of Pakistan out of the combined kitty of United India was Rs 75 crores. The first instalment of 20 crores was paid and the balance of Rs 55 crores was to be paid in the second instalment. Meanwhile, Pakistan initiated a war against India in Oct 1947.
Why did Britishers leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.