India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947, after many decades of struggle. Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, joined the fight in 1914 and led the country to independence, using his method of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.
How did India become free?
The 1947 Indian Independence Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom partitioned British India into two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan. After three years, India declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state by adopting its Constitution on January 26, 1950.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Who is India’s first prime minister?
Jawaharlal Nehru, was 58 when he started the long innings of 17 years as free India’s first Prime Minister.
How did India get its name?
The name “India” is originally derived from the name of the river Sindhu (Indus River) and has been in use in Greek since Herodotus (5th century BCE). The term appeared in Old English as early the 9th century and reemerged in Modern English in the 17th century.
Did Pakistan used to be part of India?
The new countries were India and Pakistan. … Britain had ruled India for almost 200 years, but in August 1947 that all came to an end. What was British India was divided into two independent states which would rule themselves: India, and Pakistan. Pakistan was split across two areas, which were 1,240 miles apart.
How was India treated under British rule?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.
What was Pakistan called before?
In a 1933 pamphlet, Now or Never, Rahmat Ali and three Cambridge colleagues coined the name as an acronym for Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, and Indus-Sind, combined with the -stan suffix from Baluchistan (Balochistan).
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
What would have happened if British never left India?
The Indian textile industry was almost destroyed and our raw materials were used to manufacture textiles in England which were sold back to us along with the rest of the world. … Therefore, India could have been the largest exporters of textiles in the world had their ways not been curbed by the British.
Was India once the richest country in the world?
‘India’ was the one of the largest economies in the world for most of the next two and a half millennia, starting around the end of 1st millennium BCE and ending around the beginning of British rule in India. Around 500 BCE, the Mahajanapadas minted punch-marked silver coins.