The Indian judicial system is a single integrated system. The Constitution of India divides the Indian judiciary into superior judiciary (the Supreme Court and the High Courts) and the subordinate judiciary (the lower courts under the control of the High Courts). … There are twenty-four High Courts in the country.
Why Indian judicial system is slow?
The inadequate number of judges as well as courts in the country is one of the primary causes of delayed disposal of cases. In the year 2000, unlike 107 judges to every million in the US, 75 in Canada, India only had 10.5 per million people. Incompetent and inefficient judges is another such reason.
Is Judiciary powerful in India?
The Indian Judiciary is considered to be one of the world’s most powerful courts because of certain reasons such as: (i) The judiciary is autonomous in India. It means that it is not under the jurisdiction of the executive or the legislature.
Which country has powerful judiciary?
“Today, the Indian judiciary is one of the most powerful judiciary in the world, because there is a power of judicial review.
Which is powerful judiciary or parliament?
It is the prerogative of the parliament to amend the constitution and make the laws; it is the duty of the judiciary to decide if basic structure of the constitution are transgressed by such laws. One the parliament has done its job, its Supreme Court which decides its constitutionality through judicial review.
Why do we need the judicial system?
The objective of the judicial system is to ensure the rule of law and legal security for individuals. … The justice system, as well as legislation, needs to be adapted to the changing social conditions. For the Government, it is crucial that more crimes are prevented and more crimes are solved.
Who is father of judicial reforms in India?
(Dr) N.R. Madhava Menon. The birth anniversary of Prof. (Dr) Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon, the father of modern legal education in India and the architect of the five-year integrated LL.
What is our judicial system?
The judiciary is the branch of government which administers justice according to law. The term is used to refer broadly to the courts, the judges, magistrates, adjudicators and other support personnel who run the system. The courts apply the law, and settle disputes and punish law-breakers according to the law.
What are the challenges of the judiciary?
But in most developing countries, the judiciary still faces many problems ranging from lack of public confidence and accessibility of justice due to court congestion and long delays in the courts, as well as the perception and reality of severe problems with corruption.
What are the merits and demerits of an independent judicial system?
Merits of an independent judicial system:
As the Judges are appointed by the President and not by the government, there is no interference from the political parties in the decisions of the courts. The citizens can trust an independent judiciary to keep their rights intact.