British public opinion was profoundly shocked by the scale of the uprising and by the loss of life on both sides – involving the massacre by the rebels of captured Europeans, including women and children, and the indiscriminate killing of Indian soldiers and civilians by the avenging British armies.
Why do the British call it the Indian mutiny?
The British called the revolt ‘The Indian Mutiny’ of 1857-58. It did begin with a mutiny by Indian troops serving in the army of the British East India Company. The mutiny was sparked off when Indian soldiers were given a new type of bullet that used grease to keep it dry. The grease contained pig and cow fat.
How did the British punish the Indians?
In April 1857, during the Great Rebellion, 85 sepoys refused to use the new cartridges which they felt were unclean. The 85 sepoys were court-martialled and imprisoned. At the sentencing, the British humiliated the sepoys by stripping their uniforms and shackling their ankles in front of 4000 other sepoys.
How did the Sepoy Mutiny impact British foreign policy towards India?
Even so, the rebellion proved to be an important watershed in Indian and British Empire history. It led to the dissolution of the East India Company, and forced the British to reorganize the army, the financial system, and the administration in India, through passage of the Government of India Act 1858.
What were some of the negative effects of British rule in India?
The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it …
How was India treated under British rule?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.
What effects did British rule have on the Indian economy?
The Industrial Revolution in England created a serious impact on Indian economy as it reversed the character and composition of India’s foreign trade. This led to destruction of Indian handicrafts although there was no substantial growth of modern factory industry.
What started the Indian mutiny?
It began (May 10, 1857) at Meerut as a mutiny among 35,000 Indian troops (sepoys) in the Bengal army. The immediate cause was the introduction of cartridges lubricated with the fat of cows and pigs, a practice offensive to Hindus and Muslims. A more general cause was resentment at Westernization.
Why did Britain want an empire?
The British wanted an empire for a number of reasons. Firstly, the discovery of the New World provided the opportunity to acquire wealth. … With each threat to trading routes or British interests, the need to strengthen, often through conquest, became greater. Exploration and sheer inquisitiveness was also a motivation.
How many British soldiers died in India?
About 87,000 Indian soldiers lost their lives during this conflict.
Who helped British in 1857 revolt?
Suppression and The Revolt
|Places of Revolt||Indian Leaders||British Officials who suppressed the revolt|
|Kanpur||Nana Saheb||Sir Colin Campbell|
|Jhansi & Gwalior||Lakshmi Bai & Tantia Tope||General Hugh Rose|
|Bareilly||Khan Bahadur Khan||Sir Colin Campbell|
|Allahabad and Banaras||Maulvi Liyakat Ali||Colonel Oncell|