Question: Why was India partitioned in 1947 by the British?

What led to the Indian partition?

This partition was part of the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent, called British Raj. The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country.

Which country was partitioned in 1947 by the British?

The violent legacy of Indian Partition. In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.

What made British to leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Who opposed the partition of India?

The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).

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How many died in the Indian partition?

The next day, Hindus struck back, and the violence continued for three days in which approximately 4,000 people died (according to official accounts), both Hindus and Muslims.

Who decided partition of India?

Sir Cyril Radcliffe headed the boundary commission which draw up the border between India and Pakistan. According to historian Ayesha Jalal, ‘it was rather an arbitrary line, which in some instances cut villages into two’.

Which are the 6 most practiced religions in India?

Religion in India

  • Hinduism (79.8%)
  • Islam (14.2%)
  • Christianity (2.3%)
  • Sikhism (1.72%)
  • Buddhism (0.7%)
  • Jainism (0.37%)
  • Unaffiliated (0.24%)
  • Others (incl. Zoroastrianism, Bahá’í Faith, Bon, Judaism, Sanamahism, Kirat Mundhum, Sarna sthal, Animism and others) (0.67%)

What was Pakistan called before?

In a 1933 pamphlet, Now or Never, Rahmat Ali and three Cambridge colleagues coined the name as an acronym for Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, and Indus-Sind, combined with the -stan suffix from Baluchistan (Balochistan).

Why did British officials partition India and Pakistan?

Why did British officials partition India into India and Pakistan? … British officials soon became convinced that partition an idea first proposed by India’s Muslims, would be the only way to ensure a safe and secure region. Partition was the term given to the division of India into separate Hindu and Muslim nations.