Quick Answer: Is India rich in biodiversity?

With 23.39% of its geographical area under forest and tree cover, India is rich in biodiversity. A 2020 faunal survey of India by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) reported a total of 102,718 species of fauna, with 557 new species including 407 newly described species and 150 new country records.

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

Why India has a rich biodiversity?

It has 89,000 species of animals as well as a rich variety of fish. It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.

Is India a biodiversity country?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

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Why India is called mega diversity?

Mega means large so mega diversity means a large number and wide range of species present in an ecosystem. As India is very rich in the diversity of plants and animals, so it is called as mega diversity centre .

Why is India a mega diversity country?

India is known for its rich heritage of Biological diversity, having already documented over 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographic regions. Nearly 6,500 native plants are still used prominently in indigenous healthcare systems.

Which state in India has minimum biodiversity?

The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

Who popularized biodiversity in India?

Edward Wilson was the Socio-biologist who popularised the term ‘Biodiversity’ . He even described different levels of Biodiversity . There are more than 50,000 strains or rice in India which is an example of Genetic Diversity .

What is the biodiversity of India?

India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.

Which is a mega diversity nation?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

What is Diversity nation?

Description. Megadiversity Countries is a term used to refer to the world’s top biodiversity-rich countries. This country-focused method raises national awareness for biodiversity conservation in nations with high biological diversity, with many species unique to a specific country.

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Which country has the lowest biodiversity?

A new analysis looking into how much biodiversity is left in different countries around the world has shown that the UK has some of the lowest amounts of biodiversity remaining.

Which country has most diversity?

However, because virtually all Brazilians speak Portuguese, Gören ranks Brazil as one of the least diverse. Based on his findings, the most diverse countries worldwide are: Chad. Cameroon.

Most Diverse Countries 2021.

Country Papua New Guinea
Greenberg’s Diversity Index 0.2718
Neighbors’ Greenberg’s Diversity Index 0.6473
2021 Population 9,119,010

Which country supports almost 10% of biodiversity on the earth?

Explanation: South Africa is one of the most biodiversed country in the world.It contains almost 10 percent of all species of fish,birds and plants.It also has 6 percent of reptile species.