Quick Answer: When did India get her freedom?

How did India gain independence?

India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947, after many decades of struggle. Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, joined the fight in 1914 and led the country to independence, using his method of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.

Why did Britain give up India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

What made British to leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

How many died in Indian independence?

The next day, Hindus struck back, and the violence continued for three days in which approximately 4,000 people died (according to official accounts), both Hindus and Muslims.

Why did British Empire fall?

The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.

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Why is India named Bharat?

Bhārata was selected as an alternative name of India in 1950. The name Bhārata or Bhārata-varṣa (Bharata-varsha) is said to be derived from the name of either Dushyanta’s son Bharata or Rishabha’s son Bharata. Several Puranas state that it is derived from the name of Bharata, the son of Rishabha.

Which country is the best friend of India?

Countries considered India’s closest include the Russian Federation, Israel, Afghanistan, France, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and the United States. Russia is the largest supplier of military equipment to India, followed by Israel and France.

What would have happened if British never left India?

The Indian textile industry was almost destroyed and our raw materials were used to manufacture textiles in England which were sold back to us along with the rest of the world. … Therefore, India could have been the largest exporters of textiles in the world had their ways not been curbed by the British.