The Treaty of Fort Jackson ended the fighting of the Creek War, but began a series of negotiations between the Creek community and the U.S. Government for land, property, and monetary resources. Under the terms of the treaty, the Creek Nation ceded nearly 22 million acres to the United States.
What did the Treaty of Fort Jackson force the Creek Indians to give up?
The agreement was notable for forcing the Creeks to cede more than 21 million acres of land in the Mississippi Territory, much of it in present-day central and south Alabama, as well as in southern Georgia, to the United States.
What did Andrew Jackson do to the creek?
In response to the attack, Jackson led a force of militiamen who destroyed two Creek villages at Tallasahatchee and Talladega. On March 27, 1814, Jackson’s force routed the Creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Some 800 Creek warriors were killed.
What happened to the Creeks in 1813?
In August 30, 1813 a faction of the Creek Indian Nation called the Red Sticks under Red Eagle, slew nearly 250 Alabama settlers in a brutal manner, resulting in the calling out of two 2,500 man forces, one under Jackson to punish and stop the Indians.
How many died in the Creek War?
The war effectively ended with the Treaty of Fort Jackson (August 1814), when General Andrew Jackson forced the Creek confederacy to surrender more than 21 million acres in what is now southern Georgia and central Alabama.
|Casualties and losses|
|~584 killed, unknown wounded||~1,597 killed, unknown wounded|
Who attacked the Creeks in the War of 1812?
Creek War, (1813–14), war that resulted in U.S. victory over Creek Indians, who were British allies during the War of 1812, resulting in vast cession of their lands in Alabama and Georgia.
What percentage of Creek native lands were surrendered at the Treaty of Fort Jackson?
On August 9, 1814, Major General Andrew Jackson, “Old Hickory,” signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson ending the Creek War. The agreement provided for the surrender of twenty-three million acres of Creek land to the United States.
What caused the creek war to start?
The complex causes of the war can be traced to the declining economic situation among southeastern Indian groups, the resentments caused by increasing accommodation of American demands by the Creek National Council, the increasing pressure from expanding white settlement along Creek borders (particularly along the …